Ⅰ.语法、词汇。用适当的词填空。从A 、B 、C 、D 四个选项中，选出一个正确答案，并将选项号填在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共25小题，每小题1分，共25分)
Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer.(25 points)
1.Books require hard work and practice and ,like sports ,they can be both a ______ and a delight.
A. nuisance B. annoyance
C. challenge D. prodding
2.A lot of trouble in this world is caused by ______ a narrow mind with a wide mouth.
A. combining B. concerning
C. adding D. involving
3.Most economists believe that the five-day work week has had a positive ______ on our economy.
A. influence B. affect
C. after-effect D. effect
4.If a man does not make new acquaintances ,he will soon find himself ______.
A. out in the cold B. lonely
C. behind D. in peace
5.The boy ran ______ from home to school and was just in time for class.
A. all the more B. all the way
C. all the same D. all the time
6.Parents unable to spend much time with their children are likely to ______ them with a lot of playthings.
A. cover B. fill
C. rain D. shower
7.Some people have trouble ______ to a life of retirement.
A. changing B. adopting
C. adjusting D. fitting
8.A good way to forget your trouble is to help others out of ______.
A. them B. their
C. theirs' D. theirs
9.Garbage collecting is as ______ a job as clerking ,or teaching.
A. respectable B. respective
C. respectful D. respecter
10.There's nothing shameful ______ being wrong .Nobody can be right all the time.
A. on B. for
C. about D. concerning
11.It is not hard to find the truth ;what is hard is not to run away from it ______ you have found it.
A. while B. once
C. as long as D. as soon as
12.______ men fail through ignorance of their strength than through knowledge of their weakness.
A. Many B. Some
C. More D. Less
13.According to a medical report,______ 75 percent of the current violent crime is drug related.
A. so many as B. as many as
C. so much as D. as much as
14.______ so many people been interested in computers as today.
A. There never have B. Never before have
C. There have never D. Before never have
15.She was the only one in her family ______ the disastrous earthquake.
A. surviving B. having survived
C. to survive D. survived
16.It is the first time that I ______ really relaxed for months.
A. feel B. have felt
C. felt D. will have felt
17.“Will you join us tonight?”
“Oh ,I ______,but I have an essay to write.”
A. would love to B. would love
C. would love to join D. would love joining
18.I don't regret ______ her what I thought of her husband ,even though it might have upset her.
A. telling B. to tell
C. that I will tell D. to have to tell
19.The higher the standard of living ,the ______.
A. greater is the amount of goods to consume
B. greater amount of goods consumed
C. greater the amount of goods consumed
D. amount of goods consumed is greater
20.“Why didn't you buy the dictionary?”
“I ______,but I didn't have enough money with me.”
A. would buy B. would have
C. had bought D. had done
21.To be frank ,I'd rather you ______ anything about it for the time being.
A. do B. don't do
C. did D. didn't do
22.______ dark clouds gathering on the horizon ,he stopped the work in hand and went home.
A. To see B. Having been seeing
C. Seeing D. Having to see
23.“Couldn't he understand that the few drops of water ______ out of us so fast if we waited until night?”I thought to myself.;
A. won’t be sweated B. wouldn't be sweated
C. won’t be sweating D. wouldn't be sweating
24.His eyes wouldn't close .They kept ______ me ,narrow and dangerous.
A. watch B. watching
C. to watch D. watched
25.I think you ought ______ me about the matter and not have let me make such a fool of myself. A. have told B. tell
C. had told D. to have told
Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer.(15 points)
Just after World War II ,people were very willing to give money to help those who had suffered from it. 26 not everyone who collected the money was honest .Newspapers were full of stories of people who had been 27 by men who went from house to house saying that they were collecting for 28 wounded soldiers ,or for those who had 29 their homes ,or for some other noble 30 .Yet all the time they 31 the money into their own pockets
32 using it for what they 33 to be doing it for.
one day Mr.Smith told his wife that a group of people had 34 thousands of dollars for the widow of the Unknown Soldier.Someone had 35 to the papers about it,and they had warned people that it might be a fraud(骗局).Mr. Smith said that he and his friends at the office had had a good 36 when they read about it in the newspaper.
“Can you imagine anyone so 37 as to believe that story and 38 money for the widow of the Unknown Soldier?”he asked his wife.
Mrs.Smith looked puzzled.“What a fool I have been?”she thought to herself.Then her face
39 .“oh,yes!I see now!”she answered.“Of course,it is the 40 that pays the widow of the Unknown Soldier!”
26.A. And B. But C. Then D. So
27.A. cheated B. stolen C. robbed D. mugged
28.A. badly B. slightly C. deadly D. fatally
29.A. missed B. left C. lost D. sold
30.A. goal B. course C. cause D. idea
31.A. have been putting B. had been putting
C. put D. were putting
32.A. except B. except for C. instead D. instead of
33.A. claimed B. clamoured C. disguised D. pretended
34.A. made B. donated C. sent D. collected
35.A. reported B. written C. warned D. told
36.A. time B. cry C. laugh D. surprise
37.A. stupid B. crazy C. clever D. happy
38.A. bring B. send C. give D. distribute
39.A. shined B. brightened C. smiled D. shaken
40.A. public B. people C. committee D. government
Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts.(10 points)
41.The hero created himself;the celebrity is created by the media.
A. The hero was admired for what they had done for society;the celebrity burst onto the scene by the work of the media.
B. The hero made it through their own efforts;the celebrity achieves fame because of his good relations with the media.
C. The hero of the past was active;today's celebrity is passive.
D.The hero publicized himself;the celebrity is publicized by the media.
42.The key is to be satisfied with gradual improvement,expecting and accepting the occasional slips that come with any change.
A. Along the long way of changing,you may occasionally slip and fall.You have to learn to face failures,for the road to success is full of ups and downs.
B. Sometimes you may go back to your old ways.Be prepared for this because it is natural and no change takes place overnight,but gradually.
C. You have to understand that you may make mistakes in the process of progress.The right attitude is to be ready to correct them.
D. Slips are closely connected with change and result from change.Where there is change there must be slips.
43.The washwoman could have begged at the church door or entered a home for the poor and aged.
A. She could have prayed for mercy in church or moved to a house for poor,old people.
B. She didn't like to go begging at church doors or at houses where old people lived.
C. She didn't want to be a burden on the church or any home for the poor and the aged.
D. She could go and ask the church or a charity institution for help,but she didn't.
44.I attended the funeral with them and sat through it with a lump of cold lead in my chest and a big resolution growing through me.
A. Throughout the funeral,I was filled with sadness.
B. The sad atmosphere of the funeral almost choked me.
C. At the funeral I felt as cold as lead from beginning to end.
D. All the time I sat at the funeral with a heart as heavy as lead.
45.Every year we're selling more than a ￡1,000 million worth of cars abroad.If we spend a few million greasing the palms of some of the buyers,who's hurt?
A.No harm will be done to us as long as we squeeze money into the hands of some of our buyers.
B. Putting some money on the palms of those who buy our cars will make things easy for us,and we won't be hurt.
C. It is worthwhile to bribe some of our buyers with a few million pounds so as to secure contracts worth many times more.
D. Compared with ￡1,000 million,a few million is nothing.If we give some buyers a discount,we won't suffer much loss.
46.There was a crash that made all the most violent crashes of his past life seem like the sound of falling dust.
A. Compared with the most violent crashes in the past,this one seemed as gentle as dust falling.
B. Compared with this ear-splitting crash,all the other crashes in his past life seemed nothing.
C. In his past life he had never experienced a crash of such force as to make falling dust seem violent.
D. When this crash occurred,its deafening noise drowned all other noises;so no one could hear dust falling.
47.I don't think I'd have dared to approach you if you'd looked the least bit as I always imagined.
A. If you had been more handsome I wouldn't have had the courage to come over and speak to you.
B. If I had found you as handsome as I had always imagined,I wouldn't have spoken to you.
C. It was only when I found you didn't look smart at all that I decided to speak to you.
D. It was only when I found you less handsome that I was that I have the courage to speak to you.
48….you must not expect that your children will enjoy your company.
A. You should not take it for granted that they like to be together with you.
B. You should not hope that they would still like to work for your firm.
C. You must not expect that they would like to see much of you as a guest.
D. You must not believe that they will want to live in the same house with you.
49.Rudolf wanted to strike a work of fire and stars into being for the old man.
A. He wanted to introduce modern civilization into the old man's life.
B. He wanted to create a world bright with fire and stars for the old man.
C. He wanted to write a work of literature about human feelings for the old man.
D. He wanted to play with his violin some passionate music for the old man.
50.In strict truth an invention is almost never the sole product of any one mind.
A. It is true that no invention is so intelligent and competent that he can hit upon a good idea alone.
B. Precisely,no product can be perfected by the sole inventor;it takes more than one man to do the job.
C. Strictly speaking,nearly all inventions are the result of the combined effort of many people.
D. Truly,if inventors want to create something wonderful they must put their minds together.
Read the two passages and answer the questions.(10 points)
Making Use of Your Time
Everybody wastes time.Instead of doing their lessons,students watch television,or go and enjoy themselves outside the campus(校园).Writers neglect their work,and wander up and down in the room making cups of coffee and daydreaming.They all have good intentions,but they keep putting off the moment when they must start work.As a consequence,they begin to feel guilty,and then waste even more time wishing they had not allowed themselves to be distracted.
When someone else is organizing our time for us,as,for instance,during lessons or working hours,we do not necessarily work more efficiently,but at least we are subject to the discipline of a routine.It is when we are responsible for organizing our own time that the need for self-discipline arises.Self-employed people,particularly those engaged in such creative activities as writing,can only survive,let alone prosper,if they can organize their time efficiently.
I know two writers who seem to me to have got to grips with(正确解决) the problem,but in quite different ways.Bob is extremely methodical(井井有条).He arrives at his office at 9 a.m. and is creative until 12∶30.At 2 p.m.,he returns to his desk and is creative until 5 p.m.,when he goes home and switches off until the following morning.Alan would deny that you can regulate your creativity in this way,by the clock as it were.He works in inspired bursts,often missing meals and sleep in order to get down on paper the ideas that are in his head.Such periods of intense activity are usually followed by days of laziness,when he walks around his flat,listening to Mozart or flicking through magazines.
Their places of work reflect their styles.Bob's books are neatly arranged on the shelves by his desk.He can always find the books he wants,and there is not a single book in his office which is not directly relevant to his work.Alan,on the other hand,has books and magazines all over the place,some on shelves,some in piles on the floor and the table,still some even on or under the bed.
Both Bob and Alan have managed to organize their lives in such a way that they are able to produce work of very high quality.Obviously,each works in the way that suits his character,and it would be foolish to take either as a model.All the same,there is a lot we can learn from them.For example,Bob has the excellent idea of setting targets for each week.As long as he is “on target,”he will occasionally take one afternoon off for relaxation without feeling guilty;he deliberately plans to waste time for recovery from tiredness.It seems to be a much better idea to relax and enjoy your time-wasting,rather than to feel guilty about it both at the time and afterwards.
51.The author implies that a person who has wasted time should not
A. waste any more time regretting it.
B. feel uneasy or blame others.
C. avoid being distracted a second time.
D. try to make up for the lost time.
52.Even if a writer can organize his time efficiently,he
A. may not achieve much success.
B. is unlikely to produce high quality work.
C. still can't work creatively or productively.
D. is less productive than people with regular jobs.
53.Through the example of Bob and Alan,the author wants to show
A. self-discipline is the most important in the profession of writing.
B. creativity can never be regulated by devices such as a clock.
C. one should not feel uneasy when wasting time once a target is hit.
D. not bothering with small matters is a work style rather than a shortcoming.
54.To make use of our time,we should
A. keep warning ourselves against wasting time.
B. set targets for each time unit.
C. deliberately plan to waste time.
D. work hard while working and enjoy ourselves while playing.
55.The author suggests that wasting time can sometimes be
A. necessary. B. shameful.
C. productive. D. enjoyable.
It's Mugger's Game In Manhattan
Martin had lived in New York for 40 years and never been mugged once.This did not make him confident — on the contrary,it terrified him.The way he saw it,he was now the most likely person in Manhattan to get mugged next.
“What are the odds(可能性) in favour of me getting mugged?”he asked his friend Lenny.
“How much are you willing to bet?”said Lenny,who was a compulsive gambler.
“Oh,come on,this is too important to bet on!”
“Nothing is too important to bet on,”said Lenny,shocked.That was the end of their friendship.
“How do you think I can avoid getting mugged?”Martin asked his friend Grace.Grace had not been outside her apartment in five years,as a sure-fire(保险的) way of avoiding being mugged.It had failed;someone had broken in and mugged her.
“I've no idea,Martin,”she said.“Most of these guys are on drugs anyway,and they need the money for their addiction(毒瘾).”
This gave Martin an idea.If the muggers only needed the money for drugs,why didn't he offer them drugs instead?Then possibly they would be so grateful that they wouldn't harm him.Through some rich friends he knew he bought small quantities of different drugs.He had never touched the stuff himself,so he had to label them carefully to make sure he didn't get them mixed up.
One day he was walking in a part of Central Park he shouldn't have been in (the part where there is grass and trees)when three men leapt out at him.One was black,one was Puerto Rican and one was Caucasian(白种人).Well,at least mugging is being integrated he thought.
“You want drugs?”he cried.“I've got drugs!Anything you want you can have.Just name it.But don't touch me!”
The three men let go of him respectfully.
“We almost made a big mistake there,”said one of them.“This guy's a pusher.Hurt him and we could have the Mafia(黑手党) down on us.Let's see what you got,mister.”Somewhat to his surprise,Martin found himself displaying his wares to his customers.Even more to his surprise,he found himself accepting money for the drugs,much more than he'd paid for them.
“How come you guys have all this money?”He said.“Why are you out mugging when you have money?”
“Well,we're not muggers,”said the Caucasian,embarrassed.“We're out-of-work actors.”
“I thought out-of-work showbiz(演艺) people always became waiters or barmen,”said Martin.
“Right.But there are so many showbiz people in catering now that you can't get work as waiters.So we had to get work as muggers.”
When Martin got home,he bought some more drugs from his friend.Pretty soon he sold them to some more muggers.
Shortly after that he found he was spending more and more time pushing drugs,and making more and more money at it.Being afraid of muggings had turned him into a professional drug-pusher.
One day a man leapt out at him and grabbed him.
“You want drugs?”said Martin.“I've got drugs.”
“I want money,”said a familiar voice.
“Lenny!”cried Martin.“How're you doing?”
“Badly,”said Lenny.“I lost everything gambling.”
He hit Martin on the head and took his money,wallet and all his credit cards,leaving the little packets of white powder behind.
Moral:It's no use offering drugs to a money addict(上瘾的人).
56.Martin thought he was going to be mugged soon because
A.everyone gets mugged at least once in forty years.
B.he had been mugged more than once before.
C.most people in New York get mugged sooner or later.
D.there were too many people like Lenny in New York.
57.He decided to offer drugs to would-be muggers because
A.he decided he could get drugs more easily than he could earn money.
B.he believed most muggers were more interested in drugs than in money.
C.he found himself having more drugs than money.
D.he thought most muggers didn't need the money.
58.When he was finally mugged,he wasn't harmed because
A.the muggers found he didn't have any money on him.
B.the muggers were actually playing a practical joke on him.
C.the muggers were impressed by his readiness to co-operate with them.
D.the muggers thought he had connections with and was protected by the Mafia.
59.Well,at least mugging is being integrated he thought.The sentence shows Martin thought at least
A.there was no racial discrimination in mugging.
B.mugging involved people from different races.
C.muggers were united as one in their crime.
D.people from different cultures were equal in mugging.
60.Martin was finally unable to save himself from being mugged probably because Lenny
A.was also pushing drugs like himself.
B.no longer regarded him as a friend.
C.needed money and not drugs.
D.wanted to teach him a lesson.
Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets.(10 points)
61.She was annoyed by the husband's _______ to the studies of their child.(indifferent)
62.“You look tired.You must have _______ yourself.”(work)
63.In Paris he bought for his wife two bottles of _______ perfume.(sweet,smell)
64.“Will you please get the documents ready and _______ the pencils before the meeting?”(sharp)
65.Such a high price is _______ to attract large numbers of customers.(likely)
66.Finally a decision was taken after some heated _______.(argue)
67.In his view,_______ leaders and gardeners have something in common — they must take responsibility for what they have undertaken.(politics)
68.The couple expressed their _______ thanks to the young man who had saved their son by donating one of his kidneys.(heart,feel)
69.“To survive in prison,”Nelson Mandela said,“one must develop ways to take _______ in one's daily life.”(satisfy)
70.A month before Christmas,Henry Wade,_______ of a family of five,found himself without a job.(bread,win)
Translate the following sentences into English.(15 points)
Write a short composition based on one of the texts you have learned in about 150 words.
Topic:What magic power did Mr.Fotheringay come to possess ?How and why did he decide to give up this power ?Conclude your answer with a one-sentence comment.